Essay On Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru In English For Students

Jawaharlal Nehru

When asked to write a short essay on Jawaharlal Nehru, the first thing that comes to mind is that he was the first Prime Minister of independent India and a dedicated freedom fighter. He fought for India to get independence from British rule with his heart and soul.  He is such an iconic figure, and his contributions have long been a subject of interest, especially among school children. Children often find themselves tasked with writing a few lines about him in the form of a Jawaharlal Nehru essay.

The Early Life of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad. He was a member of the renowned Nehru family. His parents were Motilal Nehru and Swaroop Rani who belonged to the esteemed Kashmiri Pandit community. Nehru’s childhood was marked by comfort and privilege, thanks to his father’s prosperous law practice. His educational journey began at home, where he received guidance from a dedicated teacher. This early exposure to learning in a nurturing environment laid the groundwork for his future academic pursuits. At the age of fifteen in 1905, Nehru set out on a transformative adventure by travelling to England. He enrolled at Harrow School, a prestigious boarding institution, where he received a traditional British education. This experience not only expanded his knowledge but also introduced him to a different culture and educational system. In 1907, he took another significant step by joining Trinity College, Cambridge. There, he pursued an Honours degree in Natural Science, further honing his intellectual abilities and critical thinking.  In 1910, he joined the Inner Temple Inn and started studying law like his father. In 1912, he returned to India and tried to work as a barrister in the Allahabad High Court. He attended the annual session of the Indian National Congress in Patna and began to work for the liberation of India from British rule as a freedom fighter.

Jawaharlal Nehru’s Political Career

His political career started from being greatly disturbed by the way the Indians were treated by the ruling British. He resolved to join the freedom movement and fight for the independence of India from  British rule. After that, he joined the Indian independence movement with Mahatma Gandhi. The pivotal year of 1920 saw Nehru deeply involved in the Non-Cooperation Movement, a commitment that led to his frequent brushes with arrest.  He worked hard to internationalise the Indian freedom struggle by getting foreign allies. He was successful in the year 1927 when the Congress Party was invited to the Congress of Oppressed Nationalities in Brussels. At the start of World War 2, under Nehru’s Leadership, the Congress decided to help the British in the war, on the condition of complete independence of India after the war with a new constitution. The British didn’t agree but India managed to get independence in 1947. Unfortunately, India was divided into two nations, Pakistan and India, with Nehru elected as the first Prime Minister of the nation. On 27th May  1962, he died due to a cardiac arrest.

Books written by Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru is one of the greatest names in the history of the Indian independence struggle. Independent India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru was not just a great leader but also a well-known author who has made invaluable literary contributions in the shape of his timeless books like The Discovery of India, Glimpses of World History, and A Bunch of Old Letters. Here is a list of books written by Jawaharlal Nehru.

  1. The Discovery of India
  2. Jawaharlal Nehru wrote the book ‘The Discovery of India’, while he was imprisoned at Ahmednagar Fort for participating in the Quit India Movement. It is considered one of the best books on Indian history. He begins with ancient history and takes the readers through the time of British rule, weaving in both the history and philosophy of the times he talks about.

  3. Letters from a Father to his Daughter
  4. Jawaharlal Nehru started writing to his daughter when she was 10 years old and was staying at Mussourie while he was in Allahabad. He wrote on many things from how the Earth was formed to Indian and world history and even tried to teach her about politics and business.

  5. Glimpses of World History
  6. This book is a compilation of letters Jawaharlal Nehru wrote to his daughter Indira Gandhi while imprisoned. Due to his political activism, he was often imprisoned and would write letters to his daughter in place of parenting in person. He taught her about world history in these letters and his witty language is a delight to read.

Achievements of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

Nehru is one of India’s great freedom fighters and world leaders. In the fight for independence, he was greatly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and was inspired by his philosophy of truth and non-violence. During one of his sentences in jail, he wrote the book, ‘The Discovery of India’. He also wrote many letters to his daughter, Indira, inculcating in her a love for the rich cultural and social heritage of India and the importance of the Indian freedom struggle. His inaugural speech, ‘Tryst with Destiny’, as the first Prime Minister of independent India, is recited by people to date. He was also elected as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1929 and under his leadership, the Congress took the pledge of complete independence or Poorna Swaraj from British rule.

After India’s independence on 15th August 1947, he became the first and longest-serving Prime Minister of India till 1964. He took the responsibility of leading India to success just after the country’s independence. His leadership and vision helped India to achieve prosperity, progress, and a place on the international stage. He laid the foundation of democracy in India and exemplified this belief at an international level by adopting the Non-Aligned Policy as an integral part of the country’s foreign policy and pioneered the Non-Aligned Movement in the world. His belief in peaceful co-existence propelled him to sign the Panchsheel Agreement between India and China in 1961. He also supported disarmament and put in a lot of effort to create an international order of peace and harmony, leading India to a position of respect in the world.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is known as ‘The Architect of Modern India’ due to the rich heritage of planning and development he left behind. He established many educational, medical, and technical institutions like the Indian Institute of Management and the Indian Institute of Technology. He was the master brain behind many large industrial, irrigation, agricultural, and power projects like establishing steel plants, power plants, and the construction of dams which led to India’s technological and infrastructural development.

Children usually call him ‘Chacha Nehru’ and his birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day in India. He is well known for being a visionary and his determination to achieve unity and liberty in the country. He firmly believed that a nation could only prosper if the children were well looked after. He encouraged the development of schools and other educational institutions across the country so that children would have access to quality education. He also believed that healthcare, sanitation, and a happy childhood were the basic rights of children irrespective of their caste, gender, or status.

One of the most popular national and international leader, he is unanimously considered to be the architect of modern India. As the first Prime Minister of independent India, he ensured that India progressed in all fields and marched towards the global arena. Unfortunately,  he died of a heart attack on the 27th of May, 1964.

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