What are Odd Numbers? List and Properties of Odd Numbers

Understanding Odd Numbers: Their Properties, Significance, and More

Whenever we delve into the realm of basic arithmetic and number theory, the categorisation of numbers into ‘even’ and ‘odd’ is fundamental. So, what are odd numbers? At the most basic level, any integer which cannot be divided by two without leaving a remainder is an odd number. These numbers have a special characteristic: when divided by 2, they leave a remainder of 1. As we’ll see, they have distinct properties which set them apart from their counterparts: even numbers.

The Basics: Examples of Odd Numbers

To further comprеhеnd thе idеa of odd numbеrs, lеt’s look at somе basic еxamplеs of odd numbеrs:

1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13… and so on.

From this sеquеncе, it’s clеar that еach numbеr, whеn dividеd by 2, will not rеsult in a wholе numbеr. For instancе, 3 dividеd by 2 givеs 1.5, and 5 dividеd by 2 givеs 2.5. The decimals signify that there’s a remainder.

Odd Numbers List: A Comprehensive Chart

For a more systematic approach, an odd numbers list or chart of odd numbers can be beneficial. This chart typically lines up odd numbers in sequential order. Here’s a basic chart for illustration:


























While this is a rudimentary chart of odd numbers, it serves as a useful visual aid. By viewing numbers in this format, patterns become more recognisable, aiding in understanding and memorisation.

Properties of Odd Numbers

Now that we understand what are odd numbers and have a foundational odd numbers list, it’s crucial to delve into the properties that define them.

Addition and Subtraction:

Odd + Odd = Even (For instance: 3 + 5 = 8)

Odd – Odd = Even (For instance: 5 – 3 = 2)

Odd + Even = Odd (For instance: 3 + 4 = 7)


Odd x Odd = Odd (For instance: 3 x 5 = 15)

Odd x Even = Even (For instance: 3 x 4 = 12)


Odd numbers can’t be evenly divided by 2. This is the foundational property which classifies them as ‘odd’.

Consecutive Odd Numbers:

Odd numbers can be expressed as a sequence of numbers with a common difference of 2. For example, 3, 5, 7, 9, and so on.


All odd numbers can be expressed in the form of 2�+12n+1 or 2�−12n−1, where ‘n’ is an integer. This reinforces the idea that they can’t be evenly divided by 2.


Except for the number 2, all prime numbers are odd. However, not all odd numbers are prime. For instance, 9 is an odd number, but it’s not prime because it can be divided by 1, 3, and 9.

The Significance of Odd Numbers in Various Cultures and Traditions

Odd numbers are not just mathematical entities; they hold a deep-seated value in cultures and traditions across the world. While our primary focus so far has been on what are odd numbers from a purely mathematical standpoint, it’s intriguing to delve into their cultural awareness and significance.

Symbolism of Odd Numbers

Triad Importance: The number three, an example of odd numbers, is considered sacred in many cultures. It often symbolizes completeness. For instance, in Christianity, there is the Holy Trinity of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. In art, a triptych has three panels, offering a fuller representation of the subject.

Lucky Number Seven: Another iconic number from our odd numbers list, the number seven, holds special significance in numerous traditions. There are seven days of the week, seven wonders of the world, and seven continents. In Biblical contexts, seven is often seen as a number symbolizing perfection.

Nine in Mythology: Nine, yet another entry from our chart of odd numbers, has relevance in Norse mythology where the cosmos is divided into nine worlds. Moreover, in Chinese tradition, it’s associated with longevity and eternity.

Mathematical Mysteries and Odd Numbers

Beyond cultural significance, odd numbers have always intrigued mathematicians for their patterns and properties. Somе of these includе:

Goldbach’s Conjеcturе: A long-standing quеstion in thе world of numbеr thеory revolves around the representation of еvеn numbers (grеatеr than 2) as thе sum of two primе numbеrs, which, except for thе numbеr 2, arе all odd.

Twin Primеs: Twin primеs arе pairs of prime numbеrs that havе a diffеrеncе of 2, making both numbеrs in thе pair odd. Examplеs of such pairs arе (3, 5), (11, 13), and (17, 19).

Magic Squares: In recreational mathematics, there’s an entity known as the ‘magic square’. For odd-ordered magic squares, there are unique construction methods which make them an enthralling area of study.

Odd Numbers in Nature

Nature too seems to have an affinity for odd numbers. Consider the petals on flowers. While it’s not universal, many flowers have an odd number of petals. Lilies have three, buttercups have five, and daisies come in varieties with 21 or 34 petals. It’s an illustration of how the Fibonacci sequence, closely tied to the golden ratio, manifests in nature. Odd numbers, as seen in the Fibonacci sequence (1, 1, 3, 5, 8, 13…), play a role in how plants optimize their sun-catching capability and pack seeds.


To wrap up our journey into understanding of odd numbers, it’s vital to note that grasping foundational mathematical concepts is crucial during early learning stages. Schools and preschools play an essential role in this learning journey.

In understanding what are odd numbers, we embark on a mathematical journey that underpins many advanced concepts. With an odd numbers list and the properties that define these numbers, learners of all ages can develop a more profound comprehension of arithmetic.

In this context, EuroKids Preschool emerges as a beacon of progressive early education. By introducing concepts like odd numbers in an interactive, playful manner, EuroKids ensures that children don’t just memorize – they understand. With a curriculum designed to cater to the inquisitive nature of kids, they transform potentially complex topics into delightful learning adventures.

Follow Us

Get Update

Subscribe our newsletter to get the best stories into your inbox!