Pictures and names of over 40 shapes: explore the world of geometric forms


While it is true we see the world in colours, we also see it in shapes. Take a casual glance around you and you’ll see a myriad of shapes staring right back at you, demanding to be noticed. It is no surprise then that kids are taught shapes early on at the preschool or kindergarten level so they can understand the world around them better. And if you need a little bit extra help, take a look at the list of names of shapes with pictures below. It will prove to be a great guide!

  1. Square
  2. Also known as a quadrilateral, a square has four equal sides in measurement and angles.

  3. Rectangle
  4. Two pairs of opposite sides of a rectangle measure equally, thus defining this shape.

  5. Circle
  6. Next on the list of names of shapes with pictures is the circle. A 2-D shape, all of the points of a circle are at an equal distance from its centre.

  7. Oval
  8. Another 2-D figure, an oval has a flat face with curved lines closely resembling the silhouette of an egg.

  9. Triangle
  10. Three vertices, three sides and three edges make up a triangle.

  11. Pentagon
  12. Belonging to the category of polygons as far as shape names in maths are concerned, pentagon features five sharp sides and  five angles. The sum total of its interior angles is 540°.

  13. Hexagon
  14. A closed figure with six sides, six angles and six vertices.

  15. Octagon
  16. A type of polygon, an octagon has twenty diagonals within it along with eight angles and eight sides.

  17. Cube
  18. Of the shape names in maths, cubes are commonly used. Made up of six square faces, eight vertices and twelve edges, each of the squares in a cube are of equal size.

  19. Sphere
  20. 3-D in its form factor, spheres have a round  shape and are perfectly symmetrical. They have volume and a surface area too.

  21. Cylinder
  22. A cylinder features a curved surface on either side which join circular bases that are parallel to each other.

  23. Cone
  24. This 3-D shape rests on a flat surface and tapers towards the top at a point, which is known as its vertex.

  25. Rectangular prism
  26. Comprising six faces and twelve edges, all the faces of this shape are rectangular.

  27. Pyramid
  28. A type of polyhedron, the lateral faces of a pyramid are triangular while its base is a polygon.

  29. Arrow
  30. An arrow is made up of a straight line which has an arrow shape attached to one end. It is used as an indicator.

  31. Crescent
  32. Featuring two pointed ends that are joined with a set of curved lines, a crescent resembles a moon.

  33. Cross
  34. When two lines intersect each other at their centrepoint, a cross is formed. A cross’ intersections make a 90° angle.

  35. Decagon
  36. This polygon features ten equal angles each 144° along with ten sides of equal measure.

  37. Heart
  38. Among the names of different shapes, a heart is most recognisable. It has been designed to represent a heart.

  39. Heptagon
  40. Seven equal angles with seven equally measuring sides make up a heptagon.

  41. Kite
  42. You will find a pair of equal angles and a pair of equally measuring corresponding sides in this quadrilateral.

  43. Nonagon
  44. This polygon has nine angles, each of 140° as well as nine identically measuring sides.

  45. Parallelogram
  46. This shape features slanted sides and angles that do not measure 90°. However, they are equal in length.

  47. Quadrilateral
  48. This type of polygon has four sides and angles each, all of which have different measurements.

  49. Rhombus
  50. Similar to a square, the difference between the two is that a rhombus’s angles do not measure 90° each.

  51. Right angled triangle
  52. In this triangle, one angle equals 90°, while the sum total of the other two angles is also 90°.

  53. Ring
  54. A ring is a circular band that has its own circumference and a hollowed out centre.

  55. Semi-circle
  56. Half of a circle whose angle measures 180° can be defined as a semi-circle.

  57. Star
  58. A kid’s favourite when it comes to names of different shapes, a star has five equiangular corners that point outwards.

  59. Trapezium
  60. This shape is made up of two pairs of elements, which are two parallel sides and two lateral sides.

  61. Trapezoid
  62. For a trapezoid to take shape, there must not be any opposite pairs of sides that are parallel to each other.

  63. Cuboid
  64. A cuboid is a simply a 3-D rectangle that features six faces, eight corners and twelve edges.

  65. Diamond
  66. This famous shape has four straight and closed sides that are equal with opposing sides being parallel to each other.

  67. Hemisphere
  68. Simply put, a hemisphere is a 3-D semi-circle that has its own circumference and radius.

  69. Hexagonal pyramid
  70. A hexagonal pyramid is formed when six isosceles triangles fuse together at the top and have a hexagonal base.

  71. Octahedron
  72. This simple shape features a set of six vertices, eight triangle-shaped faces and twelve edges. This shape appears as if two pyramids have fused at their bases.

  73. Pentagonal prism
  74. Next on the list of shapes, this one is a combination of two inner pentagons and six rectangle-shaped faces.

  75. Prism
  76. This 3-D shape has two identical ends with flat faces, identical cross-sections and equal bases.

  77. Rectangular prism
  78. Similar to a cuboid, this type of prism has six vertices along with twelve edges on its opposing sides.

  79. Square pyramid
  80. A pyramid whose base is square shaped is referred to as a square pyramid.

  81. Tetrahedron
  82. This is a type of a triangular pyramid with parallel edges, faces or sides.

  83. Triangular prism
  84. When two equilateral triangles connect via three of their sides while maintaining parallel edges, a triangular prism takes shape.

There you have it! A comprehensive list of shapes that can be really useful in advancing your child’s learning of different form factors around them. At EuroKids, we adopt a practical and interactive approach to teaching kids shapes and more so they can easily grasp the concept in a simplistic and easy-to-recall manner. To know more about our teaching and time management skills, visit your nearest EuroKids centre.