List of animals that live on land and water
It is probably safe to say that we are all familiar with the term ‘amphibians’.
Defined as animals that live on land and water, amphibians have the unique ability to breathe underwater. Though some of them may lose that ability as they go through different stages of development.
That said, these dual citizenship critters (if you may) are oddly fascinating in their own ways! In fact, learning all about animals that live on land and water can be incredibly fun. So let us just do that by scavenging through the list given below!
- Mugger Crocodile
Here is a fun fact! Not all animals that live on land and water are categorised as amphibians. Some of them are reptiles and our very own gharial or marsh crocodile (also known as mugger crocodile) is an excellent example of that.
Living in marshy areas, they are of a medium size built and have a broad snout, which is what gives them the name ‘mugger’!
These freshwater reptiles not only inhabit lakes and rivers but can even be found in artificial ponds. Though they barely ever go beyond 5 metres in their body length, they are still extremely powerful swimmers that can just as swiftly come on land to create burrows which they nestle during winters.
Wondering which animals live on land and water and are also cute? Well, the beaver is surely one of them. Not part of Indian wildlife, these critters are found in abundance all throughout North America except in California and parts of Utah, Nevada and Arizona.
They love to dwell in lakes, ponds, marshes and rivers, and are exclusively herbivorous. Their typical diet includes woody stems, leaves, and aquatic plants. But the most interesting thing about them is that beavers can build dams, thus creating a habitat where diverse biological communities can be found!
Want to know which other animal lives on land and water but is not an amphibian? Crabs are it! They are crustaceans, which means they are semi-aquatic with an exoskeleton or what you commonly call a shell.
They have a pair of pincers on their front side along with claws, which actually do a pretty good job of protecting themselves against predators. They also use their ‘deadly’ weapons to search for food, which includes a wide variety of things, from seaweed to shrimp. Yes, they are omnivores like us.
Though they are capable of surviving on both land and water, water is crucial to their survival. They can maximum survive a couple of days on land without getting into water. Any longer than that and they might perish.
It seems as if the list of water and land animal names that are not amphibians is expanding! Ducks, just like their cousins geese and swans, belong to the biological order termed anseriformes, which are basically waterfowl.
You will often find ducks swimming in water with their hatchlings behind. But when it comes to feeding time, ducks will transition to land in search for foods such as plants and insects. That is not the only reason ducks go for a trip to the lands. You will also find them on land when they are nesting, or going through the process of losing their feathers, which is a seasonal occurrence known as moulting.
Finally, we are back again to water and land animal names that belong to the category of amphibians! Here is a wow-some fact about them. There are over 5000 known species of frogs on this planet! They come in all kinds of colours, and some of them even glow in the dark! How cool is that?
Native inhabitants of swamps and ponds, frogs can even be found in rainforests hanging out on trees. However, they love the water. And though they are not very good swimmers, they paddle along just fine due to their webbed feet. As for what they eat, no prizes for guessing that they love a hearty meal of spiders, insects and small fish.
Yes, animals that live on land and water are called amphibians, but hippopotamus is not one of them. Believe it or not, they are mammals! Just like us. These large animals are of a semi-aquatic nature and are natives of the sub-Saharan region in Africa. In fact, there are the third largest land mammals on our beautiful planet.
They have nearly hairless bodies and can weigh up to 1300 kgs to 1500 kgs on average. Despite their stocky appearance, they are fast runners, capable of covering short distances at a speed of 30 km/h. Hippos are kind of nocturnal. They spend most of their day in mud or water, and only come out at dusk to feed on grass.
Of the living things found in water and outside of it, penguins have to be the most adorable! These aquatic flightless birds spend about half of their lives in water, swimming in the icy cold expanse of the Antarctic Ocean. Although, they are also found in New Zealand, Galapagos Island and South Africa.
They are pretty fast swimmers, with emperor penguins reaching a speed of up to 12 km/h, using their flippers to propel themselves forward deep into the ocean. As for what they like to feed on, penguins are big fans of fish, squid, krill and other forms of sea life, which forms a regular part of their diets.
Ever wondered how penguins can swallow fish whole when they eat? That is because they have really powerful jaws which they can use to grip prey. Plus, their tongues are spiny which allows them to easily chomp down the prey they catch even while swimming.
There you have it: a list of living things in water that are just as capable of living on land. Though we learned that animals that live on land and water are called amphibians, we also learned that other species and biological groups of creatures can also survive on both mediums. Which is pretty interesting! At EuroKids, we try to keep our preschool syllabus just as interesting so your kids feel eager to study. Visit us to find out more about our teaching methods.