Fun Activities for Preschoolers and Kids Using Greater Than and Less Than Symbols


Mathematics is an integral part of a child’s education, and introducing concepts like greater than and less than at an early age can lay a strong foundation for future mathematical understanding. Greater than (>) and less than (<) symbols are fundamental in mathematics, representing the relationships between numbers. The greater than symbol denotes that one value is larger than another, while the less than symbol indicates the opposite. These symbols are essential tools for comparing quantities and establishing numerical relationships in various mathematical contexts. Preschoolers and young children are naturally curious and eager to explore the world around them. Capitalising on their innate curiosity, we can make learning math enjoyable through hands-on activities and games that involve greater than and less than symbols.

  1. Number Comparisons with Everyday Objects:
  2. Start with a simple yet effective activity using everyday items. Gather a variety of objects like toys, fruits, or even building blocks. Ask the child to compare the quantities and use the greater than and less than symbols to express their findings. For example, place five apples on one side and eight oranges on the other, prompting the child to recognise that 8 > 5.

  3. Hungry Alligators Game:
  4. Create a fun and interactive game by drawing alligators with open mouths. Label one alligator as the “greater than” alligator and the other as the “less than” alligator. Place a set of numbers on lily pads or pieces of paper and ask the child to feed the hungry alligators by placing the correct numbers in their mouths. This hands-on approach helps children visualise the comparison between numbers.

  5. Number Line Adventure:
  6. Construct a large number line on the floor using tape or a string. Use stuffed animals or markers to represent different numbers. Guide the child to walk along the number line, stopping at various points to compare the numbers. Encourage them to jump forward to a greater number or take a step back to a lesser number. This physical activity reinforces the concept of relative size.

  7. Count and Compare Snack Time:
  8. Turn snack time into a math adventure. Provide a variety of snacks like crackers, grapes, and pretzels. Have the child count each type of snack and compare the quantities using the greater than and less than symbols. This tasty activity not only makes learning enjoyable but also enhances counting and observation skills.

  9. Outdoor Math Hunt:
  10. Take the learning outdoors by organising a math scavenger hunt. Write numbers on pieces of paper and hide them in the yard or playground. Equip the child with a magnifying glass or a simple map, and encourage them to find the hidden numbers. Once found, ask them to compare the numbers using the greater than and less than symbols.

  11. Math Storytime:
  12. Integrate storytelling with math by creating simple stories that involve comparisons. Use characters or animals to represent numbers, and narrate situations where one is greater than or less than the other. After the story, discuss the comparisons with the child and encourage them to reenact the scenarios using toys or drawings.

  13. Interactive Number Cards:
  14. Craft interactive number cards with large numerals and the corresponding greater than and less than symbols. Use these cards to create various math games, such as a memory-matching game or a sorting activity. This tactile approach engages both visual and kinaesthetic learners.

  15. Balancing Act:
  16. Set up a balance scale using a coat hanger and cups. Attach numbers to small objects or use small toys with numbers written on them. Invite the child to balance the scale by placing objects on either side and comparing the weights. This activity introduces the concept of equality along with greater than and less than.

  17. DIY Math Board Game:
  18. Collaborate with the child to create a personalised board game centred around greater than and less than. Design a colourful game board with spaces that involve number comparisons. Use a dice or spinner to move along the board, and let the child actively participate in the game, reinforcing their understanding of relative magnitudes.

  19. Math Bingo:
  20. Create a Bingo game with numbers and symbols. Distribute Bingo cards with various numbers, and call out expressions like “4 _ 2.” The child must identify the correct symbol on their card and mark it. This game adds an element of excitement and encourages quick thinking.

  21. Number War Card Game:
  22. Adapt the traditional card game War into a math-filled adventure. Assign each card a numerical value, and when two players draw cards, they must quickly determine which number is greater. The player with the larger number collects both cards. This competitive yet educational game sharpens comparison skills.

  23. Interactive Technology:
  24. Embrace educational apps and online games that focus on greater than and less than concepts. Many interactive platforms offer engaging visuals and interactive challenges that make learning feel like play. Ensure screen time is monitored and balanced with other hands-on activities.

  25. Math Art Collage:
  26. Combine math and creativity by crafting a math art collage. Provide magazines, newspapers, or printed images with numbers on them. Ask the child to cut out numbers and create a collage where they compare and arrange the numbers in artistic ways. This activity blends artistic expression with mathematical exploration.

  27. Greater Than, Less Than Song:
  28. Introduce a catchy song or chant that incorporates greater than and less than concepts. Use hand gestures to represent the symbols and encourage the child to join in. Music and movement can enhance memory retention, making learning a multisensory experience.

  29. Real-life Math Challenges: 
  30. Encourage children to identify real-life situations where greater than and less than concepts apply. Whether it’s comparing the number of fruits at the grocery store or determining which line is moving faster, relating math to everyday scenarios reinforces the practicality of mathematical skills.

  31. Building Number Sense: 
  32. Finally, focus on developing a strong number sense by encouraging estimation and approximation. Pose questions like “Is this group of objects closer to 10 or 20?” This fosters a deeper understanding of numbers and their relationships beyond strict comparisons.

By incorporating greater than and less than symbols into engaging activities, we can make math an enjoyable and accessible subject for preschoolers and young children. These hands-on experiences not only foster a positive attitude towards learning but also build a strong foundation for future mathematical concepts. Through play and exploration, children can develop a solid understanding of mathematical relationships that will benefit them throughout their educational journey.

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