What is Subtraction?

Subtraction is a fundamental mathematical operation that involves taking one number away from another. It is part of the four basic arithmetic operations, which also include addition, multiplication, and division. Here's a simple way to introduce subtraction to your child: Imagine Rahul has 8 apples. He decides to give 3 apples to his friend. How many apples does Rahul have left? Subtraction is all about finding the difference between two quantities. It's not just important in math, but also in everyday situations.

Subtraction Calculator

First Value:

Second Value:

The Components of Subtraction:

  • Minuend: This is the starting number in a subtraction operation. In the example 8−3, 8 is the minuend.
  • Subtrahend: This is the number being taken away from the minuend. In 8−3, 3 is the subtrahend.
  • Difference: The result of the subtraction is called the difference. It's what's left after subtracting the subtrahend from the minuend. In this case, the difference is 5.

The Formula: Minuend−Subtrahend = Difference

You can teach your child to subtract by simply taking away the subtrahend from the minuend.

For example, if Rahul gives away 3 apples out of 8, he'll be left with 5 apples:

8−3 = 5.

Using a Subtraction Calculator:

A subtraction calculator can be handy, especially for larger numbers or complex calculations. Here's how your child can use it:

Step 1: Enter the minuend (the starting number).

Step 2: Enter the subtrahend (the number being taken away).

Step 3: Press "Calculate.

Step 4: The calculator will show the difference between the two numbers.


Q1.How do you calculate subtraction?

To subtract, simply take away the subtrahend from the minuend to find the difference.

Q2. What is subtraction for Grade 1 students?

In Grade 1, subtraction is introduced as taking away objects from a group to find out how many are left. It usually starts with simple, single-digit numbers.

Q3. What is subtraction for Class 4 students?

By Class 4, students tackle more complex subtraction problems involving multi-digit numbers and concepts like borrowing. For instance, 62-30 = 32.